Notes on Revelation

When I teach Revelation 1-11 to my youth Sunday School class, I’ll probably start off by saying something about gasoline.

Gasoline is powerful stuff. You can drive an average-sized car with an average-sized tank well over 400 miles using gasoline. A little goes a long way. But if you start splashing gasoline around your house and light a match, the whole thing will go up in flames within minutes, and the fire department won’t be able to do much when it arrives except sift through the ashes.

Expectation of the end time is spiritual gasoline. It can be spectacularly destructive, or it can be a powerful driving force. Given the church’s strong commitment to situating itself in the world’s latter days, we can’t avoid dealing with the end time altogether, but we need to treat it carefully, as church leaders beginning with Joseph Smith have generally done. Calculating dates for the Second Coming based on Revelation or Daniel isn’t our style. As with many things in the scriptures, the challenge is to preserve the concreteness and power of the message instead of turning it into vague platitudes, but without going to fanatic excess. Jesus taught some radical, even impossible things—give away all you have, forgive endlessly, be born again—and we shouldn’t reduce them to “try to be nice.” Water is a very safe liquid, but if you fill your gas tank with water, you will not drive far. So we need to treat Revelation in a way that provides spiritual power, but without burning our houses down.

The book of Revelation meant something to early Christians, but we can’t simply say that Revelation is only about the first century and has nothing to do with us or the end of the world. Nephi’s Vision in the Book of Mormon commits us to the legitimacy of an eschatological reading of Revelation rather than a strictly historical one.

And that’s a good thing, since it is the apocalypticism of Revelation that makes it so important. It’s easy to think of Revelation as that one weird book at the end of the New Testament, but apocalypticism is the glue that connects the later books of the Old Testament, intertestamental Jewish writing, and the Book of Mormon. The end time is a thread that runs throughout the New Testament, from Matthew 24 to the later epistles to Relation. We miss something essential about the book and its connection to other scripture if we deny its relevance to our own time and to times yet to come.

“Apocalypse,” as you have probably already heard, is from a Greek word for “unveiling” or “uncovering,” but an apocalypse reveals a few specific things. It reveals that the world as we know it will eventually end, possibly sooner than we think. We can see this happen in small ways fairly often. Today, high school is important to you; your teachers and grades matter and you’re invested in your clubs and teams. In six months or two years (which is to say, in nearly no time at all), it will be over and will matter very little, if at all. The same is true of college and careers and government and geopolitics. I grew up with a world organized into the free and democratic Us versus the totalitarian Them, with the Berlin Wall separating us and our mutual destruction only a matter of time until someone miscalculated. That was the world I lived in—until one day in 1989, it wasn’t. The end of the world is not always a bad thing.

I’m not saying none of these things matter—far from it. They all matter tremendously, including high school. An apocalypse also reveals that the things we do every day have cosmological significance. At school or work or anywhere else, we make choices that are part of a long struggle between good and evil, mostly fought in our hearts.

John’s situation as author of Revelation is not entirely unlike our own. He has seen the attempt to establish Christian communities around the Mediterranean meet with some success, and much failure. The early church had already been subject to intense persecution, with worse to come, and powerful opponents looming and a measure of success still centuries in the future. Revelation is not just a coded statement about first century Palestine or about the twenty-first century: It lays out a pattern with relevance to both and provides a model for how we can deal with the world ending (as it usually seems to be doing). When the world is ending in ways both great and small, fear, opposition, and uncertainty are part of the territory. But the message of Revelation is ultimately hopeful. God is greater than any power that opposes him. Sacrifices will be noted and rewarded. There is safety and salvation in Jesus.

4 comments for “Notes on Revelation

  1. Revelation ch. 5 is one of the most beautiful and sublime texts in our scripture. If I were teaching the lesson, I would red the entire chapter aloud.

  2. “But the message of Revelation is ultimately hopeful.” This is important and extremely difficult to convey IME. When I was a teen, talk of the end times filled me with dread. I did not look forward to the Second Coming because the world I lived in was, by and large, a good one and the times before the Second Coming were not.

    It wasn’t until I was an adult and had to face teaching Revelation to a class full of teens in seminary that I finally dug into the book’s first-century context. I had naively assumed that Revelation was written during a time of peace and prophesied of impending destruction. Learning that Revelation, like other apocalypses (e.g. Daniel), was written during a time of intense persecution and prophesied an end to that oppression lifted a heavy spiritual weight from my shoulders.

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